How To Grow Peas

Peas are a delicious and versatile vegetable that can be grown in any garden. They are easy to grow, and provide a bountiful harvest throughout the spring and summer. In Ace’s guide on how to grow peas we cover everything from choosing the right variety to tips on harvesting and storing your peas.

Peas are a legume packed with nutrients. They are a good source of protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Here are some of the health benefits of eating peas:

  • Protein: Peas are a good source of protein, which is essential for building and repairing tissues in the body.
  • Fiber: Peas are a good source of fiber, which can help to regulate digestion and keep you feeling full.
  • Vitamins: Peas are a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, which are important for vision, immunity, and blood clotting.
  • Minerals: Peas are a good source of minerals such as iron, potassium, and magnesium, which are important for energy production, muscle function, and bone health.
  • Heart health: Peas are a good source of soluble fiber, which can help to lower cholesterol levels. They are also a good source of potassium, which can help to regulate blood pressure.
  • Antioxidants: Peas contain antioxidants, which can help to protect cells from damage.

Overall, peas are a healthy and nutritious food that can be enjoyed as part of a balanced diet, and grown in your own garden. Here’s how:

Which Pea Variety To Grow

Peas are a delicious and versatile vegetable that can be grown in most gardens. There are many different varieties of peas available, so you can choose the ones that best suit your taste and growing conditions.

Here are some of the most popular pea varieties to grow in a garden:

  • English peas – These are the most common type of pea. They have round, green peas that are eaten fresh or frozen. Some popular varieties of English peas include ‘Green Arrow’, ‘Wando’, and ‘Progress No. 9’.
  • Snow peas – These peas have flat, edible pods best eaten fresh. They are in stir-fries and salads. Some popular varieties of snow peas include ‘Sugar Ann’, ‘Mammoth Melting Sugar’, and ‘Oregon Sugar Pod’.
  • Sugar snap peas (Ace’s Favorite) – These peas are a cross between English peas and snow peas. They have sweet, tender pods that can be eaten fresh or cooked. Some popular varieties of sugar snap peas include ‘Sugar Snap’, ‘Super Sugar Mel’, and ‘Early Snap’.

When choosing pea varieties to grow in your garden, you should consider the following factors:

  • Your climate: Some pea varieties are better suited for cool climates, while others are better suited for warm climates.
  • Your growing season: Some pea varieties mature quickly, while others take longer to mature.
  • Your personal preference: Some people prefer the taste of English peas, while others prefer the taste of snow peas or sugar snap peas.

No matter what your taste or growing conditions, there is sure to be a pea variety that is perfect for you. So choose your variety and move on to preparing your soil.

Prepare Soil For Peas

Peas are a cool-season crop that requires well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Start by clearing the planting area of any weeds or debris. Loosen the soil with a garden fork or tiller.

Once that’s done, here are the steps on how to prepare soil for peas:

  1. Choose a sunny spot in your garden. Peas need at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
  2. Test the soil pH. Peas prefer a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. If your soil is too acidic, you can add lime to raise the pH.
  3. Add organic matter to the soil. This will help to improve drainage and add nutrients to the soil. You can add compost, manure, or leaf mold.
  4. Work the soil to a depth of 8 to 10 inches. This will help to loosen the soil and make it easier for the pea roots to grow.
  5. Remove any weeds or debris from the soil. Weeds will compete with the pea plants for water and nutrients.
  6. Irrigate the soil well. Peas need moist soil to germinate.

Once you have prepared the soil, you are ready to plant your pea seeds.

How To Plant Your Pea Seeds

Peas are cool-season crops, so plant as soon as the soil can be worked in early spring. Sow the seeds 1 inch deep and 2 inches apart. You can sow the seeds in rows or in blocks. If you are sowing the seeds in rows, space the rows 18 to 24 inches apart.

Another pro tip on how to grow peas is paying attention to the direction of your rows. For example, if you are forced to plant in an area that may be limited in sun exposure, be sure to plant your rows facing north and south. This allows your peas to maximize the sun exposure they do get as the sun position changes from east to west throughout the day.

How To Water Peas

Peas are a cool-season crop that needs regular watering, especially during dry periods. However, it is important not to overwater peas, as this can lead to root rot.

How much water do peas need?

Peas need about 1 inch of water per week. However, the amount of water they need will vary depending on the weather conditions. In hot, dry weather, they may need more water. In cool, wet weather, they may need less water.

Why should you water the ground around the peas, not the plants themselves?

Peas have shallow roots, so it is important to water the ground around the plants, not the plants themselves. This will help to keep the roots moist without splashing water on the leaves, which can increase the risk of disease.

  • Water the ground around the plants deeply, so that the water reaches the roots.
  • Water in the morning or evening, so that the leaves have time to dry before nightfall.
  • Avoid watering the plants on hot, sunny days, as this can scorch the leaves.

How Much Sunlight Should Peas Get?

Peas are a cool-season crop that needs full sun, or at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. In fact, peas grow better in full sun than in partial shade. However, if you live in a hot climate, you may want to plant your peas in a spot that gets morning sun and afternoon shade.

Here are some of the reasons why peas need full sun:

  • Sunlight helps peas to grow and produce a bountiful harvest. Peas need sunlight to produce the carbohydrates that they need to grow. The more sunlight they get, the more carbohydrates they will produce, and the more peas they will produce.
  • Sunlight helps peas to develop their flavor. The sugars in peas develop in the presence of sunlight, so peas that get more sunlight will have a sweeter flavor.
  • Sunlight helps peas to stay healthy. Sunlight helps to produce vitamin C in peas, which is an important nutrient for plant health.

If you do not have a spot in your garden that gets full sun, you can still grow peas by planting them in a pot or container that can be placed in a sunny spot. However, you may not get as bountiful a harvest if you plant your peas in a shady spot.

Fertilize To Grow Peas

Peas are a relatively low-maintenance crop, but they do benefit from a bit of fertilizer. Here are some tips on how to fertilize peas:

  • Use a balanced fertilizer. A balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, will provide the nutrients that peas need to grow and produce a bountiful harvest.
  • Fertilize every few weeks. You can fertilize peas every few weeks, starting when the plants are about 6 inches tall.
  • Water the fertilizer in well. After you apply fertilizer, water it in well so that the nutrients can reach the roots of the plants.
  • Do not overfertilize. Overfertilizing can actually damage pea plants, so it is important to use a balanced fertilizer and to water it in well.

Here are some additional tips for fertilizing peas:

  • You can use compost or manure as a natural fertilizer for peas.
  • If you are planting peas in a container, you can use a liquid fertilizer.
  • If you are planting peas in the ground, you can side-dress the plants with fertilizer.
  • Be sure to fertilize peas before they start to flower.

By following these tips, you can ensure that your pea plants get the nutrients they need to grow and produce a bountiful harvest.

Vine Peas Grow On A Trellis

Vine peas are a type of pea that grows upwards, rather than spreading out horizontally. This means that they need something to climb on, such as a trellis. There are several reasons why you need to grow vine peas on a trellis:

  • To save space. Vine peas can grow quite tall, so if you don’t give them something to climb on, they will take up a lot of space in your garden. A trellis will allow the vines to grow upwards, freeing up space for other plants.
  • To improve air circulation. Vine peas that sprawl on the ground can be susceptible to diseases, such as powdery mildew. A trellis will help to improve air circulation around the plants, which will help to reduce the risk of disease.
  • To make harvesting easier. When vine peas are grown on a trellis, the pods are easy to reach, which makes harvesting them a breeze. This is especially important if you have a physical disability or difficulty bending over.
  • To improve the appearance of your garden. A trellis with vine peas growing on it can add a touch of beauty and interest to your garden. Train vines to climb in different ways, creating a unique and attractive display.

If you don’t want to DIY your pea trellis, consider supporting our website by purchasing a pea trellis like this one on Amazon. (aff)

How To Harvest Peas

Peas are typically ready for harvest 60-70 days after planting, but this can vary depending on the variety. Harvest shelling peas when the pods are plump and the peas inside have reached the desired size. Harvest Snow Peas when the pods are flat and before the peas inside become too large. Sugar snap peas are best harvested when the peas have developed, and the pods are still crisp. Regular harvesting promotes continuous production.

By following these tips and techniques, you’ll be well on your way to growing a successful pea crop. Enjoy the satisfaction of harvesting your own homegrown peas and savor the flavors of these versatile and nutritious legumes in your favorite dishes. If you enjoyed Ace’s guide on How To Grow Peas, check out his guide on How To Grow Grapes in a Garden.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top